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Al-Wifaq Research Journal : Published by Islamic Studies department , FUUAST Islamabad, Pakistan.

General Instructions

A research paper is one’s opinion on a topic, informed by research he has done. It is not a summary of others’ thoughts, a personal essay or a review or critique. This can be daunting for new and experienced writers alike. The article must not have been published anywhere else. Moreover, the article should be decorated with the references of basic sources. It is necessary to follow by the rules of writing and spelling.

Draft Format

The authors are required to follow the instructions for formatting their research papers otherwise the paper will not be accepted for publication.

  • Article should be sent through email in Microsoft Word file format.
  • It should not be more than 25 pages.
  • Regarding the Font size, follow the below mentioned Instructions
  • For Main-Headings, font size: 18
  • For sub-heading, font size: 16
  • For text, font size: (urdu,Arabic-14,English-12)
  • Footnote: font size (Urdu, Arabic-12, English-10)
  • Line Spacing: single throughout the paper.
  • Header & Footer: Page numbering should be at the center of footer of the paper with the title of the paper at the center in header.
  • Page setup: envelope B5,Portrait
  • Margins: 0.8 inch margin on left and right side, 0.8 on top and bottom of each page.
  • Paragraph Indention: Indent each paragraph first Line by 0.5 inches and apply the indention consistently throughout the paper.

Directions for Writing:

Title

This title page provides the title, date and the name of researcher and address. The title is extremely important. So it should be comprehensive, precise and reflect the original theme of the article.

Information about the Author

Author(s)’ name should be placed on the title page of the final paper right after title on the left corner and institution’s name along with further details should be placed in the footnote specified with the symbol(*).
Please indicate the corresponding author in case the paper has multiple authors as well as one article cannot be written by more than two authors. A separate page containing the full name of Author(s), Email Address, affiliated Institute, Postal address and phone number(s) should also be submitted along with the article.

Abstract
Abstract is a self-contained paragraph which summarizes the entire study; its purposes, methods, results, interpretations. The abstract of a research article seems first but it is often best to write this at last. Author would enclose an abstract containing approximately 250 words. It should deliver a concise summary of the objectives, methodology (including the species studied), key results, and major conclusions of the study. It should be written in complete sentences without subheadings. The abstract must be written in English language.

Keywords
Keywords are words or phrases that describe the main content of your articles. A list of 4 to 6 keywords may also be provided after the abstract.

Introduction

This section provides background information to the reader which leads from the general questions to what was actually done in the research study. It is, therefore, not the place for an exhaustive literature review but should indicate the scope of the study, why the study was conducted and related work by others. The Introduction should be broad, specific, ending with objective clearly and briefly.

Methods

This section of the article describes what was actually done in the research study; where, when, who, how, etc. A reader should be able to visualize exactly what the researcher did. In this section, the researcher should try to include important details but not irrelevant ones. The objectives should be in mind while writing the Methods. Sub-headings can be used to organize this section.

Discussion

The typical Discussion begins with a concise wrap-up of the salient results and then goes on to explain what they mean. In this section one can interpret what he has. The discussion will be easy to follow for the reader if it is organized around the objectives of the study. Think clearly and write concisely.

Conclusion/Findings/Recommendations

What happened? It is important that the results be presented with an organizational structure that matches the objectives of the study. The results should be written out so that the reader does not have to study tables or graphs to get the general picture. So the conclusions should be presented in a logical sequence.
Findings of the research should be clearly mentioned on which recommendations are made accordingly.

Acknowledgements

This is an important (but brief) part of the paper, in which you thank those who assisted in data collection and writing. This is a courteous way to say thanks, and (in professional papers) is the place where the authors acknowledge the source of funding for the work. Only thank those who helped on the project, not to family and friends for moral support.

References and Bibliography

All papers cited in the body of the paper must be referenced and no paper should be referenced if it has not been cited.
Second, it is important as a professional courtesy to reference people’s ideas so it does not seem that you have thought up everything yourself. It is not necessary to cite every paper ever published on the subject but reference to a key early paper or a recent review of the subject is good practice.
Regarding references, you should only cite papers that you have actually read. It is poor scholarship (and can be embarrassing) to cite a paper as having reported something if you have not actually read it.
References should be made according to the following guidelines:

  • References should be made as Footnotes.
  • While giving references, Chicago Manual Style should be adopted.
  • While referring to a book, author’s name, name of the book, publisher’s name & place and year of publication and then Volume No/Page no. should be clearly mentioned.
  • Following example should be helpful:
  • Ibn Kathir, Tafsir Al-Quran Al-Azim, Dar al-Sadir, Bayrut, 1354 A.H, 2/312
  • For similar references at multiple locations, traditional style of abbreviations may be used.
  • Quranic verses in the article be presented in Arabic script such as:

Sura Al-Nisa: 4/184

  • Necessary description(Takhreej & Authenticity) of all Ahadith should be mentioned like:
  • Al Bukhari, Al-Jamey Al-Saheh, Kitab al-Ilm, Bab Ifsha al-salam min al-islam, Darussalam, Riyad, 1414A.H, Hadith no: 29, 1/8
  • All-known figures mentioned in the article must be briefly introduced and references from books should also be quoted.

Transliteration of Arabic, Urdu and English Words

For Urdu and Arabic words in English articles must be transliterated.

Citation from the Internet/Webpage

If the author wants to cite an internet link then he/she is required to provide complete URL address failing which the reference will be considered invalid.

Transmission of Required Information

It is obligatory for the authors to describe their research in detail along with the significance of their research. Enough details of the citation should be provided so that others will be able to revisit the research. Incorrect and ambiguous statements will be troublesome and not acceptable.

Simultaneous/Multiple Publication

Author should avoid submission of the article in more than one journal for review and publication at a time as it is unethical. Moreover, multiple publications on the same research are also not acceptable.
If an author wants to publish their work in multiple stages in multiple different articles, then references of the first publication should be represented accurately in the second publication.

Defining Sources

Written permission of the source is compulsory if any information is used and quoted which is derived from a discourse, correspondence or a talk of a third party. Sources must be defined and cited in an accurate manner.

Major Mistakes in Published Work

If any mistake or error is noticed by the authors after submission of the article for review, it is obligatory for the author to inform the focal person of this journal “Al-Wifaq” immediately, so that necessary correction in the article may be made well in time and in case of major mistake, article may be withdrawn. Author is also bound to withdraw or make necessary correction well in time as directed by editor or publisher and also provide the evidence confirming the accuracy of the original research wherever required.

Authors of the Work

Any individual with significant contribution in the research work which is being presented in the article can be included as author(s) of the article. However, it is responsibility of the primary author to ensure that all the co-authors have seen the final draft of the article and agreed for submission of the article.

 

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