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A research paper is one’s opinion on a topic, informed by research he has done. It is not a summary of others’ thoughts, a personal essay or a review or critique. This can be daunting for new and experienced writers alike. The article must not have been published anywhere else. Moreover, the article should be decorated with the references of basic sources. It is necessary to follow by the rules of writing and spelling.
The authors are required to follow the instructions for formatting their research papers otherwise the paper will not be accepted for publication.
Directions for Writing:
This title page provides the title, date and the name of researcher and address. The title is extremely important. So it should be comprehensive, precise and reflect the original theme of the article.
Information about the Author
Author(s)’ name should be placed on the title page of the final paper right after title on the left corner and institution’s name along with further details should be placed in the footnote specified with the symbol(*).
This section provides background information to the reader which leads from the general questions to what was actually done in the research study. It is, therefore, not the place for an exhaustive literature review but should indicate the scope of the study, why the study was conducted and related work by others. The Introduction should be broad, specific, ending with objective clearly and briefly.
This section of the article describes what was actually done in the research study; where, when, who, how, etc. A reader should be able to visualize exactly what the researcher did. In this section, the researcher should try to include important details but not irrelevant ones. The objectives should be in mind while writing the Methods. Sub-headings can be used to organize this section.
The typical Discussion begins with a concise wrap-up of the salient results and then goes on to explain what they mean. In this section one can interpret what he has. The discussion will be easy to follow for the reader if it is organized around the objectives of the study. Think clearly and write concisely.
What happened? It is important that the results be presented with an organizational structure that matches the objectives of the study. The results should be written out so that the reader does not have to study tables or graphs to get the general picture. So the conclusions should be presented in a logical sequence.
This is an important (but brief) part of the paper, in which you thank those who assisted in data collection and writing. This is a courteous way to say thanks, and (in professional papers) is the place where the authors acknowledge the source of funding for the work. Only thank those who helped on the project, not to family and friends for moral support.
References and Bibliography
All papers cited in the body of the paper must be referenced and no paper should be referenced if it has not been cited.
Sura Al-Nisa: 4/184
Transliteration of Arabic, Urdu and English Words
For Urdu and Arabic words in English articles must be transliterated.
Citation from the Internet/Webpage
If the author wants to cite an internet link then he/she is required to provide complete URL address failing which the reference will be considered invalid.
Transmission of Required Information
It is obligatory for the authors to describe their research in detail along with the significance of their research. Enough details of the citation should be provided so that others will be able to revisit the research. Incorrect and ambiguous statements will be troublesome and not acceptable.
Author should avoid submission of the article in more than one journal for review and publication at a time as it is unethical. Moreover, multiple publications on the same research are also not acceptable.
Written permission of the source is compulsory if any information is used and quoted which is derived from a discourse, correspondence or a talk of a third party. Sources must be defined and cited in an accurate manner.
Major Mistakes in Published Work
If any mistake or error is noticed by the authors after submission of the article for review, it is obligatory for the author to inform the focal person of this journal “Al-Wifaq” immediately, so that necessary correction in the article may be made well in time and in case of major mistake, article may be withdrawn. Author is also bound to withdraw or make necessary correction well in time as directed by editor or publisher and also provide the evidence confirming the accuracy of the original research wherever required.
Authors of the Work
Any individual with significant contribution in the research work which is being presented in the article can be included as author(s) of the article. However, it is responsibility of the primary author to ensure that all the co-authors have seen the final draft of the article and agreed for submission of the article.
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